Cryolipolysis is a slimming technique that uses controlled cooling to reduce fat bulges such as love handles and tummy fat. The term cryolipolysis can be divided into “cryo” which is cold or freezing, “lipo” which means fat and “lysis” which means to break apart. Therefore when combined, cryolipolysis means the destruction of fat cells by freezing or cooling. The fat cells that are exposed to the cold will disintegrate in a process of natural cell death also known as apoptosis. The lipids that are released in this process are progressively eliminated by natural metabolic activities over the 3 months following the procedure. Regular exercise during this period helps to optimise their elimination. Cryolipolysis affects only fat cells, since they are more sensitive to cold than other cells. Hence fat is removed while sparing neighbouring skin, muscles and nerves. This non-invasive technique offers an alternative to liposuction for those who wish to avoid the risks and recuperation time inherent to surgical procedures. Best results are obtained on patients that have a healthy weight and diet, but wish to get rid of resistant fat bulges.
The estheticianss and their team conducted research that demonstrated that under carefully controlled conditions, subcutaneous fat cells are naturally more vulnerable to the effects of cold than other surrounding tissue. Their initial work, published in Lasers in Surgery and Medicine in November 2008, showed that:
1. Exposure to cooling via energy extraction causes fat cell apoptosis – a natural, controlled cell death, which leads to the release of cytokines and other inflammatory mediators that gradually eliminate the affected cells.
2. Inflammatory cells gradually digest the affected fat cells in the months after the procedure, reducing the thickness of the fat layer.
3. Lipids from the fat cells are slowly released and transported by the lymphatic system to be processed and eliminated, much like that of fat from food.
Based on their research findings, the investigators concluded “prolonged, controlled local tissue cooling can induce selective fat cell reduction and subsequent loss of subcutaneous fat, without damaging the overlying skin.” This discovery, called “selective Cryolipolysis.
Why the Procedure Is Different
The Procedure using Cryolipolysis is fundamentally different from other non- or minimally invasive modalities. Other methods of fat removal primarily involve necrotic cell death by damaging fat with heat, high-intensity focused ultrasound, or chemical injections. Each approach poses potential technical challenges, particularly with respect to targeting the right tissue depth and unintended damage to other structures close to or within the fat layer. Predictability of efficacy using these other techniques is also uncertain. In contrast, the procedure using Cryolipolysis induces apoptosis only in fat cells to gently and gradually reduce the fat layer while preserving all other tissue.
How Non-Invasive Cryolipolysis Works
What is the precedure
The oval handpiece is placed on the treated area. It contains a suction mechanism that will draw and hold the fatty bulge between two cooling panels. These will extract the heat out of the tissues. During the procedure, the device maintains the treatment temperature at 5°C. A cryolipolysis session lasts 1 hour per zone, and must be preceded by an aesthetic consultation with one of our estheticianss.
What can be treated
• Love handles
What is the result
Cryolipolysis allows a permanent localised elimination of fat cells. Results become visible 3 months after the session, with an reduction in the thickness of the fat bulge of approximately 30%. Patients can lose more centimetres of fat with additionnal treatments. The device ensures homogeneous and natural results.